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According to Lithuanian practices, questions and assignments should help a student review and understand the main points. Publishers were able to adapt to the requirements of the new educational curriculum. In attempts were made to kstorijos history textbooks in Lithuania; however, owing to Russification and Sovietisation, these textbooks were saturated with communist and Vaovelis interpretations.

Using this technique, students find out that a large number of place names in some cases they refer to the places where the students themselves live originated because of iron used in bygone ages Vilniaus pedagoginis universitetas,p. He suggested the use of more colourful visuals, various critical thinking assignments, such as distinguishing between a fact and a historical interpretation, and literature, which would relate to students.

Praeities rekonstrukcija Vaddovelis a. Students were not used to reading from monitors. Since Lithuania gained its independenceapproximately history textbooks have been published, but this study focuses on some of them only, which means that some other innovations could exist as well; however, they were not identified and analysed by the researcher.

The war between Russia and the Ottoman Empire, known as the Caucasus Campaign, deserves a special mention. They often showed a preference to study from a digital textbook rather than traditional ones.

Finally, students are introduced to the authentic items from other countries, which are kept in Lithuania museums.

Istorijos Vadovelis 11 Klasei Pdf Download | narezticy

VPU leidykla,p. Students realise that history can be closer to them.

Table 3 describes the number of historical sources used in history textbooks. However, some difficulties arose. First of all, a large number of assignments and questions were unclear, and of no benefit for educational purposes. In addition, to portray the linkage between world history and the history of Lithuania, the facts about the visits of famous people to Lithuania and their thoughts about Lithuania are used.


It presents the results of the analysis of three different textbooks for the tenth grade The article analyses recent innovations in Lithuanian history textbooks.

Therefore, authors started using the citations from the sources in the text to guide teachers to use the material in the correct sequence.

The authors suggest students prepare a project on the most important and significant local cultural monuments As a result, studies focusing on these innovations do not exist; thus, the results of this study cannot be compared with other studies. How to Analyse a Painting?

Istorijos Vadovelis Laikas 9 Klasei Pdf Download

This innovation received widespread popularity among students, which was followed by the decrease in the interest in the digital textbook. Today, similar topics can be found in other history textbooks. Sometimes, it can be a hypothesis devised by Lithuanian researchers which is relevant for that time and forgotten nowadays; yet in other cases it can be various facts about the direct contacts and collaboration between Lithuania and other countries or simple family relations.

The second project The Genealogy of My Family asks students to identify their parents, grandparents, ancestral names and surnames, where they lived, their educational background, work and, finally, where they were buried. Ixtorijos tendency changed dramatically when the publishing house Briedis published World History for the sixth grade9.

History Textbook for the Fifth Grade offers projects and provides guidelines how to undertake these projects.

Istorijos Vadovelis 11 Klasei Pdf Free

Competition stimulated more interest as more historians and teachers were involved in the process of textbook writing. Contemporary History Textbooks in Lithuania: However, when the Turks retook the fort, they slaughtered everyone in it The author would include a few questions and assignments at the end of the chapter.

The traditional textbook is still easier to use as digital books need students to have computer skills. Since a large number of illustrations with accompanying texts and assignments have been integrated into textbooks. There are some studies which analysed textbooks from the perspective of didactics; however, the units of analysis are different; therefore, the researcher cannot compare his results with a wider context.


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It is quite often revealed by referring to the participation of Lithuanian people in the events and affairs of other foreign countries. At that time several seminars were held where education specialists and textbook authors from Sweden, Finland, Belgium, the Netherlands and Germany introduced Lithuanian historians to the established methods, techniques, and trends in creating effective teaching materials.

The primary objective of this study is to analyse the advances and innovations in Lithuanian history textbooks. Some authors explain at the beginning of the chapter what students will learn and what skills and knowledge they will gain. Furthermore, local history has found a place in textbook assignments. For example, in the textbook Ancient History: In addition3, concluded that there was too much political history dominated by wars and suggested placing a greater emphasis on the periods of peace and the daily lives of people.

Help Center Find new research papers in: The Might of the Roman Empire has the following introduction: Some textbook istorihos start by explaining what students will learn by listing the most important questions to deal with.

In this new mlasei knowledge is actively constructed, discovered, transformed, and extended by students8. The narrative with a few images, illustrations, and documents still remains the dominant feature in traditional history textbooks which focus on memorising information. From Seventh to Twelfth Grades appeared Lithuanian society wants to see, compare and contrast the most outstanding Lithuanian personalities or the lives of ordinary people with those of other countries.