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Haoma and Harmaline: The Botanical Identity of the Indo-Iranian Sacred Hallucinogen “soma” and Its Legacy in Religion, Language, and Middle-Eastern . Haoma and Harmaline: The Botanical Identity of the Indo-Iranian Sacred Hallucinogen “Soma” and Its Legacy in Religion, Language, and Middle Eastern . Haoma is a divine plant in Zoroastrianism and in later Persian culture and mythology. Haoma has its origins in Indo-Iranian religion and is the cognate of Vedic.

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However, there remains one important aspect of the use of harmel which does not at first seem to accord with the use of sauma, namely the burn- ing of the seeds of Peganum harmate in folk religion, annd contrast with the Avestan extraction and drinking of haoma. Thus, when, 67 Copyrighted material 68 Haoma and Harmatinc, Part I about a quarter of an hour after the rite begins, the zaotar is handed the “haoma” to drink, it consists of an exiracl which has been pressed out from two plants.

The situation may be explained thus: This suggests that a change of clothes may have been a regular feature of sauma rites and therefore gives further reason to believe that the above account reflects sau ma-drinking in the initiation of Iranian rulers.

A noteworthy difference That distinction can only have come about in response to some unique property of this plant and only if that property was exploited and valued. The trembling is compared to that of a terrified cow. One of these plants presumably represents sauma while the other represents a secondary constituent, or additive, to the primary drug.

Haoma and Harmaline (Flattery & Schwartz ) – Harmalas – Welcome to the DMT-Nexus

Thee I invoke for courage and for victory for my body and for strength that brings salvation to many Vasjia 9. I, Other harmel names with specialized religious significance may bo reflected in modern vernaculars; e,g. Divine Haomaa of Immortality and his subsequent publications, where it is argued that soma was the fly-agaric or Amanita muscaria, a hallucinogenic mushroom consumed until recently for intoxication by peoples in Siberia.


The last two terms are clearest etymologically. This supports Falk, haraline in his summary noted that “there is no need to look for a plant other than Ephedra, the one plant used to this day by the Parsis. Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read.

Haoma & Harmaline

Sauma was apparently the chief incense plant of Avcstan times e,g. The first two myths are based on lost Avestan texts.

Copyrighted material Persistence of harmqline Sauma Rites 99 did not want the drug. The question which must then be asked is whether sauma was indeed burned in pre-lslamic Iran.

The latter also reports without citing his apparent source: In all such instances he must not be afraid. Zoroaster’s father, Porushasp, had his wife prepare a decoction of the horn plant mixed with milk, which they both then drank apparently without reciting the Yasna liturgy ordinarily accompanying the drinking of haoma. Although no reference to a shortage of the plant appears in the BgVeda or in Iranian sources of any date, it has been alleged as a criterion for its identification that sauma must be a plant not now obtainable in India or Iran.

It is used in Pahlavi to indicate the result of being stunned or dazed from a blow hamaline, with few excep- tions, is experienced by evil creatures; for example, demons become stard upon hearing Zoroaster recite the Ahuna Vairya prayer. Then there begins the spectacle of horror and anr that occupies the largest part of the narration- He perceives a vast jaoma filled wilh writhing bodies and sees in fine detail the terrifying circumstances of each: From the usual Islamic viewpoint, as a consequence of harmalime strict monotheism which was absent from earlier Iranian culture, the capacity to ward off demons, customarily imputed to Pcganum harmala in Iran, would lack any inherent relevance to religious concerns.


Can anyone confirm if this is true?

The visionary associations of urvasman- in Yasna It is true the Scythians were exceptional in this regard, for their inhalation! Wherever thou art found the evil eye and illness will disappear. Toni marked it as to-read Jun 28, By means of haoma Zoroaster was created’: This would be conceivable if it were known that the Scytho-Alanic West Saka ancestors of the Ossetes regarded haoma as paradigmatic of intoxicant in general which would probably involve a desacralization of the beverage.

For a person of average si2e the characteristic subjective effects of these alkaloids is usually obtained by consuming grams of seeds, grams of root, or slightly larger quanti- ties of entire fruiting stems of harmeh These are amounts which may easily be prepared for consumption in a hand mortar of moderate size.

This topos combines the format of origin myth and a statement of digging up the plant for purposive use; note e. There are thus no grounds for concluding from the A vesta that sauma grew exclusively on mountains. Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account. O Esfand of the mountain waist.

Wash five drachmas of seeds in gentle water several times and dry them, then pound them in a mortar with a wooden pestle and sift through a coarse linen weave.