Site Overlay


The aim of this article is to draw attention to the work of a conflict analyst whose theory of ‘protracted social conflict’ – developed in a sustained. A Theory of Protracted Social Conflict. Edward E Azar, one of the forefathers of the conflict resolution field was the first to the describe violent events in the. 2 See Edward E. Azar, The Management of Protracted Social Conflict. Theory Theory of Protracted Social Conflict and the Challenge of Transforming Conflict.

Author: Doukazahn Narg
Country: Brunei Darussalam
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Software
Published (Last): 27 January 2005
Pages: 303
PDF File Size: 20.20 Mb
ePub File Size: 11.42 Mb
ISBN: 379-6-27567-282-4
Downloads: 96624
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Mogul

The major conflict began with the independence inwhen Greek community wanted a union enosis with Greece, to which the Turkish community opposed. Contemporary Conflict Resolution, In contrast to the model of interactive conflict resolution ICR that Fisher proposed inwhich includes identity as one of many human needs, the ARIA model “keeps its focus more narrowly attuned to identity issues in particular.

The relevance of Edward Azar’s theory of protracted social conflict in the context of Rwanda

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved from ” https: These cleavages are characterized by continuing hostility with sporadic outbreaks of violence; and caused by the sociaal of human needs for security, recognition, and distributive justice.

The fourth and final stage of the ARIA model addresses the “why” and “who” of the conflict, as well as the “how” of cooperation through the tangible “what” of solutions. Tamil secessionists saw the establishment of their own separate state as the only way for securing their people. This element, which contributes to the initial creation of protracted social conflict, consists of the fact that people involved in protracted social conflicts create their own identity groups.

Since its independence in there has been a conflict between Sinhalese, which gained control over the Sri Lankan government, and different Tamil separatist movements. With government being “endowed with the authority to govern and use force where necessary to regulate society, to protect citizens, and to provide collective goods,” [8] the government plays a leading role in the satisfaction or lack of satisfaction of minority and identity groups.

From the research made, it has been found that Rwanda xonflict ample evidence to be referred to as a protracted social conflict.


Olson, “From Interest to Identities: The resultant disconnection of society and the aazr can be linked to the colonial legacy, which, “artificially imposed European ideas of territorial statehood onto a multitude of communal groups. This precondition also involves the reliance that many people have on their social groups; because governments prohracted areas that experience protracted social conflict are often unable, incapable or unwilling to provide basic human necessities to the population, individuals turn to their social groups for stability.

Journal of Peace Research 38 3— JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Abstract The complexity of the conflict in Rwanda has called for the application of various theories, suggestions and recommendations to the situation by various scholars and researchers in an attempt for conflict resolution. Such identity-driven rifts are the result of an underlying fear of extinction that often grows within vulnerable ethnic groups who live with the memories or fear of persecution and massacre.

That led the two communities to embark on a hostile and protracted process of separation and segregation. The division in changed the demographics of Cyprus dramatically, putting it in a position where federalist model would be the most appropriate.

It generally refers to conflicts described by other researchers as protracted or intractablei. Azar argued that the denial of basic human needs to a large portion of the population initiated instances of protracted social violence. The ARIA sociwl is a comprehensive, yet specific approach to resolving edwsrd social conflict.

The dominant group isolates itself from the needs of other groups, leading to an even bigger separation between groups even within an protrqcted. The third stage is termed “inventing” and focuses on the “how” of “cooperatively resolving the conflict and its core through integrative solutions. conflivt

Protracted social conflict

Journal of Conflict Resolution 49 6— When Greek Cypriots wanted to reduce autonomy and representation of Turkish Cypriots, the latter opposed it and intercommunal violence broke out. This involves the “political—economic relations of economic dependency within the international economic system, and the network of political-military linkages constituting regional and global patterns of clientage and cross-border interest. Rothman developed a unique approach of conflict resolution that is specifically designed to mitigate protracted social conflict.


Such a need for structural change is likely to result in a violent conflict.

Protracted social conflict – Wikipedia

Studying protracted conflict leads one to conclude that peace is development in the broadest sense of the term. Metadata Show full item record.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Therefore, the theory needs to be accorded due recognition. The term refers to conflict situations aocial by the prolonged and often violent struggle by communal groups for such basic needs as security, recognition, acceptance, fair access to political institutions, and economic participation.

The needs of the various parties are, in turn, the underlying causes of the conflict.

But hostilities continued and even intensified. Azar notes, “that it is the relationship between identity groups and the states, which is at the core of the problem. Identifying the root causes of the Rwanda conflict might provide a baseline for redressing the evils in the country. The communal groups may experience deep-seated cleavages based upon racial, religious, cultural or ethnic lines.

Four preconditions are profracted by Azar as the predominant sources of protracted social conflict: The protractsd of this stage is termed resonance, as each side has articulated their core concerns and heard the concerns of the other actors. In the northern part declared Turkish Federated State of Cyprus, which declared independence in as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprusrecognized only by Turkey.

In the Ceasefire agreement was signed, and the government agreed to disarm all paramilitary groups in the north and east. Azar states that protracted social conflicts can be characterized by “incompetent, parochial, fragile, and authoritarian governments that fail to satisfy basic human needs.

Azaar Read Edit View history. Protracted social conflict is a theory developed by Edward Azar. Therefore, to be effective, a conflict edeard framework must specifically emphasize the needs and identities of the conflicting parties.