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Montezuma quail (Cyrtonyx montezumae) are found primarily in Mexico along the Sierra Madre mountains, however, their range extends briefly into the. Montezuma Quail (Cyrtonyx montezumae), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from . Cyrtonyx montezumae montezumae: E Mexico (Tamaulipas to Hidalgo, Puebla and Oaxaca); Cyrtonyx montezumae merriami: SE Mexico (Mt. Orizaba area of.

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Integrated Taxonomic Information System.

Other common names of montezuma quail are: Immature males develop the adult side pattern early but do not develop the face pattern till early winter. There are a few ways by which you can help the development of this page, such as joining the Flickr group for photos monhezumae providing translations of the montzeumae in addition languages. Translate Avibase is also available in the following languages: Female singing at edge of oak woodland adjacent to more open grassland.

After this time, the young are well developed and fully capable of flight comparable to that of adults.

Montezuma quail are also considered a gamebird and hunted in Arizona, New Mexico, and Mexico. Checklists There are more than 12, regional checklists in Avibase, offered in 9 different taxonomies, including synonyms more than languages. Views Read Edit View history. Effects of livestock grazing on Mearns Quail in southwestern Arizona. To register to myAvibase click here. Montezuma Quail nest on the ground in areas with adequate protection. Adults are to mm long, slightly shorter than the other western quails.

Photos of Montezuma Quail (Cyrtonyx montezumae) | the Internet Bird Collection (IBC)

Hunters in pursuit of these unique galliforms travel across the country each fall to search for montezuma quail in Arizona and New Mexico. Montezuma quail are preyed upon most commonly by avian predators such as Cooper’s hawks, Accipiter cooperii northern goshawks, Accipiter gentilis and northern harriers Circus cyaneus.


Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Knowledgeable local residents associate the soft, down-slurred whistles with female Montezuma Quail. This was cyyrtonyx male no 2 that had run closer to the original singing bird, and was joined by a female; these are the interactions of the two at close range, including them crunching through vegetation; not sure what the mechanical?

Montezuma quail are highly dependant on the dense understory grass cover of native annual and perennial plants characteristic of a healthy evergreen oak woodland community.

Subspecies and Distribution C.

Montezuma Quail (Cyrtonyx montezumae) ยท

Accessed December 31, at https: The middle of the chest and belly is monteumae brown in northern birds, lighter and tawnier in southern birds.

While ADW staff and contributors provide references to books and websites that we believe are reputable, we cannot necessarily endorse the contents of references beyond our control.

Wilson Bulletin However, some grazing regimes may not harm quail populations. Although rare, small populations have been recorded in pinion-juniper woodlands, mesquite grasslands, and mixed conifer forests.

This alternative would likely be met with opposition from the ranching community. Each checklist can be viewed with photos shared by the birding community, and also printed as PDF checklists for field use. It has an even plumper build and shorter tail than other quails. Females lack the black and brilliant white on their faces found in males.

They may allow an approach as close as 1 metre before flying taking off with a “loud, popping wing noise” [3] and on rare occasions have been caught by hand. Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. The quail then remain crouched and rely on their amazingly effective cryptic coloration and motionless posture to elude the predator.


The long delay between pairing and nesting is unusual for quails. Montezuma quail young are precocial and are usually out of the nest foraging for food soon after hatching. These vegetative communities coincide with the species elevational distribution. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!

Brown, ; Sibley and Monroe, Retrieved from ” https: Avibase checklists Search Avibase search Browse by families Contribute There are a few ways by which you can help the development of this page, such as joining the Flickr group for photos or providing translations of the site in addition languages. BrownAlbers and GehlbachStromberg Two birds audible on cut, possibly calling back and forth in order to reunite. Economic Importance for Humans: Brown, ; Russel and Monson, ; Stromberg, Juveniles will attempt to reproduce in their first year of life.

Distances flown are generally very short. Conservation efforts directed at improving montezuma quail habitat may indirectly affect livestock grazing permittees in these areas. Particularly important plant foods are Oxalis and other bulbs as well as sedge Cyperus esculentus and C. See Conservation Section Conservation Status Montezuma Quail are directly dependent upon a thick ground cover of native perennial bunchgrasses for nesting habitat and escape cover.

Endothermy is a synapomorphy of the Mammalia, although it may have arisen in a now extinct synapsid ancestor; the fossil record does not distinguish these possibilities.

The assembly or territorial call is “six to nine notes descending in pitch”, [3] “a far-carrying, descending, quavering whinny”.