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A Anemia de Fanconi (AF) é unha doenza xenética que afecta a nenos e adultos de e leucemias, insuficiencia da medula ósea progresiva (anemia aplásica). Keywords: Fanconi anemia, Body composition, Hematopoietic stem cell .. Medeiros L.A., Pasquini R. Anemia aplásica adquirida e anemia de. PDF | A Anemia de Fanconi é uma desordem genética recessiva e rara Anemia aplásica pela falência progressiva da medula óssea.

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The dentist, as a member of the multidisciplinary team that follows-up these patients, must know about the diverse aspects involved in its physiopathology and its repercussion on the mouth.

Anemia de Fanconi

As FA is now known to affect DNA repair, specifically homologous recombination [1]and given the current knowledge about dynamic cell division in the bone marrow, finding patients are more likely to develop bone marrow failure, myelodysplastic syndromesand acute myeloid leukemia AML is not surprising.

Squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue after bone marrow aplascia in a patient with Fanconi’s anemia. Apparently, this recovery was not explained by muscle mass considering that AMA values showed depleted muscle stores in all the patients.

Table 1 Demographic characteristics of patients with Fanconi anemia. How to cite this article.

Body composition of Fanconi anemia patients after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Indeed, it is only when morphologic analysis of marrow cells is performed, that a diagnosis of MDS can be ascertained.

Treatment with androgens and hematopoietic blood cell growth factors can help bone marrow failure temporarily, but the long-term treatment is bone marrow transplant if a donor is available. With a view to providing multidisciplinary care, prevention of oral alterations and development of squamous cell carcinoma, the aim of this review is to discourse about the main oral manifestations and their involvement in the health of patients with FA.


Bone marrow is particularly sensitive to this defect. Fanconi’s anemia, transplantation, and cancer.

Fanconi anemia – Wikipedia

For these authors, this is due to the greater attention paid to dental care in these individuals, particularly after BMT. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. These procedures associated with myelosuppression and complications arising from post-BMT, aplasicca as graft-versus-host disease GVHD and infections, are factors that significantly elevate the risk for development of neoplasias, mainly squamous cell carcinoma aplasicz the region of the head and neck 4 Bone marrow transplantation for patients with Fanconi anemia: Squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue in a year-old girl with Fanconi anemia.

Pediatr Pathol Lab Med. Furthermore, individuals with FA who received BMT, presented a deficiency in immune response, due to the use of immunosuppressant medications, increasing their susceptibility to periodontal infection, particularly aggressive periodontitis. The use of fluoride may be of great help in the control of dental caries The goal of Fanconi Anemia treatment is to increase the survival of individuals, and establish a better quality of life.

Changes in the nutritional status of Fanconi anemia patients are not very well known.

Fanconi anemia FA is a rare recessive genetic disease, usually inherited in an autosomal recessive manner, linked to bone marrow failure and an increased risk of developing a tumor. Scientists have identified 17 FA or FA-like genes: Individually, methods of nutritional assessment are limited and a gold standard has not been established to date.


Recent studies have demonstrated a mean frequency of 1: During BMT, individuals with Fanconi Anemia undergo therapy with immunosuppressant medication and total body irradiation. Comparative study of chronological, bone, and dental age in Fanconi’s anemia. In the literature, there are few reports of oral manifestations in individuals with Fanconi Anemia.

Early diagnosis and prospective evaluation of patients may contribute to a better analysis of aneia development of SCC.

Fanconi Anemia: main oral manifestations

Senescence, together with apoptosis, may constitute a major mechanism of haemopoietic cell depletion occurred in bone marrow failure. However, this same study demonstrated that wnemia Because of the failure of hematologic components to develop— white blood cellsred blood cellsand platelets —the body’s capabilities to fight infectiondeliver oxygen, and form clots are all diminished.

Area over the curve 0. It is, therefore, imperative to transplant from an HLA-identical sibling. Phase angle from bioelectrical impedance analysis: The permanent canine is the tooth with the highest prevalence of transposition 7. On the other hand, it increases the risk for the development of neoplasias, fe the transplanted stem cells do not eliminate the risk of residual leukemia, since some of the host cells with Fanconi Anemia may persist and maintain the risk of malignant transformation Body composition Adults submitted to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation Considering anthropometric data and BMI of all anemi, Rev Bras Hematol Hemoter.